Total Knee Replacement or TKR is a surgical procedure performed to remove the damaged, weight-bearing knee cartilage and bone while replacing it with artificial plastic or metal prosthetic joint that imitates the knee functioning mechanically. The damage in the joints is triggered by rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis, and both are severe types of arthritis. TKR is a routine surgery performed in the knee surgery hospitals in India. The surgical procedure involves the removal of damaged knee bone and cartilage and replacing the femur parts of knees with polished metal alloy or plastic prosthetic joints. Surgeons also replace the tibia part of joints with durable polymer tray, and medical plastics are used to replace the patella or kneecap. The procedure usually takes 1-2 hours to get complete.
The procedure provides total relief from pain and mechanically restores the motion and flexibility in people with knee arthritis. About 1, 20,000 TKRs are performed every year in India. The Total Knee Replacement Surgery in India reports a higher success rate with 8 out of 10 patients experiencing instant relief from pain and over 95% of patients reporting permanent results with complete satisfaction post surgery.
Advancement in the Total Knee Replacement Surgery in India!
Due to the advancements in medical science, many new techniques and procedures have been introduced for performing Total Knee Replacement Surgery in India.
Some of the advanced techniques used in India for performing total knee replacement surgery include:
1. Attune Rotating Platform Knee Replacement – This is the first of its kind knee replacement surgery in India. This revolutionary procedure is performed to improvise the performance and deliver better results to patients with arthritis. The process makes the patients feel like their knees are healthy in terms of function, mobility and stability post surgery. The procedure uses the custom made knees, which are readily available now in India. There is no need for a CT scan, and hence, it prevents patients from undergoing radiation exposure. The functional longevity and durability of the knee are more than 30 years, which is more than traditional prosthetic joints, which last only for 15-20 years.
2. Computer-Navigated TKR – This surgical procedure is conducted using an advanced system and specialised software combined with infrared trackers and camera. Trackers are fixed in knee bones of patients that transmit data to the infrared camera, and this data is processed to get real-time 3D details about knee joints and alignment of the leg. The information is used to make cuts in bone, adjusting tension in soft tissue, customising implant positioning and inserting the human-made knee joint precisely.
The Total Cost of TKR in India!
Cost of TKR in India is meagre as compared to the other countries, and this is the prime reason for the increment in several foreign patients coming to India for TKR. The Low-Cost Knee Replacement Surgery in India is not the only factor increasing the influx of international patients in India for TKR. Factors like world-class facilities, advanced treatments, the latest techniques and equipment in healthcare and highly skilled surgeons add up to its popularity. The total cost of the knee replacement surgery in India ranges from USD 4000 to USD 6500, which is very low as compared to other nations where, for a single knee replacement, patients are charged around USD 30, 000.
Travelling to India for knee replacement surgery proves to be affordable for foreign patients. They are likely to get the best healthcare services at best hospitals for Total Knee Replacement Surgery in India.